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英语(基础模块)教案

文章来源: 发布时间:2014年12月07日 点击数: 615次

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Unit1??Ready for Your Campus Life

一、教学目标

1.谈论人名。

2.谈论来自何处。

3.介绍自己所在班级。

4.掌握“主—系—表”结构和“there be”句型。

5.掌握代词和介词的基本用法。

6.学会如何发前元音[i:]与[i

二、教学向导

语言功能

·介绍自己的个人信息

·谈论来自何处

能用下列交际用语进行简短对话:

What is his name?

His name is….

Where is he from?

He is from….

语言结构

“主—系—表”结构和“There be”句型

重点词汇

ready, campus, beautiful, search, important, practice, adapt, concern, repair, Russia, America, Britain, handsome

三、课文讲解

(一)Warm-up

1.老师首先用英语向全班学生作自我介绍,并提出新学习阶段的英语学习要求。例如:

Hello, everyone. My name is….??I’m your English teacher this year. Let’s do our best together to improve our Learning of English. Now at the beginning of this term, I would like to advise you to plan your time carefully. Be sure to have enough time to recite the new words and useful expression, to listen to enough English tapes, to read many English articles, to do oral practice as much as possible and to finish your homework on time.

Second, I advise you to make good use of your time in class. Listening carefully in class really means less work later. Taking notes will help to remind you what the teacher said.

Another important suggestion is that you should develop a good attitude towards your English reading, listening, speaking and writing. Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when you are speaking English. Just try your best to say what you want in English every time.

I’ll do my best to help you and I hope everyone will get a great progress in the shortest possible time….

此外,还可以设计一些常用口令、手势、规定一些纪律,以便在以后的教学中,形成良好的习惯,达成默契。

2.Warm-up?部分应在10分钟内完成。

3.Warm-up?部分的练习可以鼓励学生在课前独立完成,然后在课上检查,也可以在课上引导学生集体做。

4.除了将卡片上的信息补充完整外,教师还可根据具体情况,补充一些简单的问题。如:

What’s your English name?

Where are you from?

Which school were you at before you came here?

5.有奖励机制。例如:赏识性语言。无论回答情况怎样均应给予鼓励,建立说英语的自信心。

6.最好能在开课前布置并引导和鼓励学生预先自学、预习并记忆本单元的生词和短语,在Warm-up中涉及一些。

(二)Listening and Speaking以及Reading and Writing--边讲边练习

学会介绍自己及自己的班级。

(三)Grammar

例如:

再举例让学生自己划分。

复习“be”动词的用法。“我用am,你用are, is跟着他//它。单数is,复数are。”

语法:按照本单元中Grammar的内容,举例讲解“主—系—表”结构和“there be”句型的用法。以及常用代词和介词的用法。

例如:I am a teacher.

I am not a doctor.

Are you a student?

回答应是??????肯定:Yes, I am.

否定:No, I am notNo, I’m not

There is a picture on the wall.

墙上有一幅画。

There are seven days in a week.

一个星期有七天。

Is there a map on the wall?

回答应是???????肯定:Yes, there is.

否定:No, there isn’t.

口头完成语用练习。

Unit2 This is My Family Picture

一、教学目标

1.谈论家庭成员的姓名和关系

2.学会介绍他人应注意的问题

3.掌握冠词和名词的基本用法

4.学会如发前元音[e]与[?

二、教学向导

语言功能

·介绍自己的家庭成员

·打电话常用语

能用下列交际用语进行简短对话:

This…, …

Hello, … Nice to meet you.

Nice to meet you, too.

Morning, this is… speaking.

May I speak to…?

Hold on, please.

He is hot available right now.

语言结构

one ... the other one?的用法

重点词汇

introduce, daughter, husband, wife, children, China, Japan, real, parent

三、课文讲解

(一)Warm-up

1.课前布置或在课上引导学生根据图片的内容,在相应的横线上填上相应的词。

2.课上进行提问,有赏识性语言。

(二)Listening and Speaking以及Reading and Writing--边讲边练习

介绍自己的家庭成员


重点单词:introduce, daughter, husband, wife, children, China, Japan, real, parent

语法:学习冠词和名词的用法。

注意定冠词“the”的用法和名词变复数的注意事项。

语言点:one… the other…; too; play with的用法

语言运用要求:理解和正确朗读课文“FATHER”,完成课后练习中规定的任务。


复习:举例复习人称代词的用法:

She does not study hard.

They are from China.

语法:根据本单元Grammar的内容讲解冠词和名词的用法。

He is?a?student.

An?English teacher teaches the students how to learn English.

I bought an English-Chinese dictionary this moring.?Thedictionary is very good.

I want to play the violin.

There are some maps on the wall

These babies are very lovely.

注意:

1.定冠词“the”的用法,要求学生牢记。

2.可数名词由单数变成复数的规则。

3.前元音[e]与[?]的读法。

Unit3 Every Day

一、教学目标

1.掌握询问别人在什么时间做什么事情的基本会话。

2.掌握谓语动词的几种时态:一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,现在进行时

3.学会发后元音[?:][?]

二、教学向导

语言功能

掌握询问别人在什么时间做什么事情的基本会话

语言目标

能用下列交际用语进行简短对话:

When does she go to the supermarket?

She goes to the supermakert every Saturday.

When do you go to the supermarket?

I go to the supermarket every….

语言结构

掌握谓语动词的几种时态:一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,现在进行时。

when来提问的疑问句

重点词汇

check, make, supermarket, famous, popular, support

三、教学建议

角色扮演ROLE PLAY

1.明确口语活动的任务,要求学生仔细阅读图片。必要时可做简单的对话示范。

2.成对活动,轮流作SpeakerASpeakerB

3.学生教师巡视全班,聆听学生对话,并解答学生提出的问题。

4.挑出几个学生在班上表演。

5.总结学生的表现,必要时纠正学生中带普遍性的错误。

6.在黑板上写上JanuarySundaytodaytomorrow,在每一个单词的第一个字母下面划线并指出一年中的月份和一星期中的每一天?的单词首字母都要大写,而表示别的时间的单词不用大写。

语法:按照本单元中GRAMMAR的内容讲解一般过去时的方法。此外还可以参照以下内容进行更细致的讲解。

一般过去时表示:

(1)?过去某个特定时间发生,并且一下子就完成了的动作(即:非持续性动作),也可以表示

(2)?过去习惯性的动作。一般过去时不强调动作对现在的影响,只说明过去。

(1) I had a word with Julia this morning.?今天早晨,我跟朱丽亚说了几句话。

(2) He smoked many cigarettes a day until he gave up.?他没有戒烟的那阵子,烟抽得可凶了。

一般过去时常与表示过去的时间状语或从句连用,如:yesterdaylast weekin 1993at that timeonceduring the warbeforea few days agowhen?等等。

句子中谓语动词是用一般过去时还是用现在完成时,取决于动作是否对现在有影响。

Have you had your lunch??你吃过午饭了吗?(意思是说你现在不饿吗?)

YesI have.是的,我已经吃过了。(意思是说已经吃饱了,不想再吃了。)

When did you have it??你是什么时候吃的?(关心的是吃的动作发生在何时。)

I had it about ten minutes ago.我是大约十分钟以前吃的。

used to do something?表示过去常做而现在已经停止了的习惯动作。

I used to work fourteen hours a day.我过去常常一天干十四个小时。

一般过去时的基本用法:

1.带有确定的过去时间状语时,要用过去时

如:yesterday(昨天)two days ago…(两天前……)last year…(去年…)the other day(前几天)once upon a time(过去曾经)?just now(刚才)in the old days(过去的日子里)before liberation(解放前…)When I was 8 years old(当我八岁时…)

Did you have a party the other day?前几天,你们开了晚会了吗?

Lei Feng was a good soldier.?雷锋是个好战士。

※注意:在谈到已死去的人的情况时,多用过去时。

2.表示过去连续发生的动作时,要用过去时

这种情况下,往往没有表示过去的时间状语,而通过上下文来表示。

The boy opened his eyes for a moment, looked at the captain, and then died.

那男孩把眼睛张开了一会儿,看看船长,然后就去世了。

3.表示过去一段时间内经常或反复的动作常与alwaysnever等连用。

Mrs.Peter always carried an umbrella.?彼得太太过去老是带着一把伞。

(只是说明她过去的动作,不表明她现在是否常带着伞。)

Mrs.Peter always carries an umbrella.?彼得太太老是带着伞。

(说明这是她的习惯,表明她现在仍然还习惯总带着一把伞)

I never drank wine.?我以前从不喝酒。(不涉及到现在,不说明现在是否喝酒)

4.如果强调已经终止的习惯时要用used to do

He used to drink.?他过去喝酒。(意味着他现在不喝酒了。喝酒这个动作终止了)

I used to take a walk in the morning.?我过去是在早晨散步。?(意味着现在不在早晨散步了)

I took a walk in the morning.?我曾经在早晨散过步。(只是说明过去这一动作)

5.有些句子,虽然没有表示过去确定时间的状语,但实际上是指过去发生的动作或存在的状态的话,也要用过去时,这一点,我们中国学生往往出错,要特别注意!

I didn’t know you were in Paris.我不知道你在巴黎。

(因为在说话时,我已经知道你在巴黎了。这句话指的是说话之前,所以只能用过去时表示。实际上,这句话暗指:But now I know you are here.)

I thought you were ill.我以为你病了呢。

(这句话应是在说话之前,我以为你病了。但是现在我知道你没病)

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辨别正误:

Li Ming studied English this morning

把此句变为一般疑问句

(×)????1. Did Li Ming studied English this morning(动词应该用原形)

(×)????2. Does Li ming Study English this morning(时态应该用原句子的时态)

(×)????3. Was Li Ming studied English this morning(应该用一般动词,而不是be动词)

()??4. Did Li Ming study Enghish this morning?一般过去时的句子的谓语形式有:

肯定①?be?分为was,were?v+ed

否定①?was/were not?didn’t+v

疑问①?was/were+主②did++v

一般将来时和现在进行时初中已经有所涉及,教师可以根据书上的内容做简单复习。

Unit4??Would You Like to Go Shopping with Me?

一、教学目标

1.谈论服装(颜色、尺寸、喜欢和不喜欢)

2.谈论要求服务或向别人提供服务。

3.掌握金钱数额的表达方法。

4.掌握形容词和副词的三个等级

5.掌握元音的正确发音方法

二、教学向导

语言功能

谈论服装(颜色、尺寸喜欢和不喜欢)

掌握金钱数额的表达方法

购物时的简单对话

语言目标

能用下列交际用语进行简短对话

Do you want a jacket?

YesI do.

Do you want a white jacket?

No,I don’t.I want a blue one

Here is a nice blue jacket

语言结构

形容词和副词的三种形式

重点词汇

enough, money, want, enjoy, change, different, opinion, towards, allow, without, other, service

三、教学重点

学会简单的购物交际用语

四、教学建议

角色扮演(ROLE PLAY)

1.教师可根据初中学过的知识丰富谈话的内容,例如

A: May I help you?

B: Yes, please. These shoes are too small

A: OhI’m sorry. Do you have the receipt?

B: NoI’m sorry. It’s at home

?

A: I need a shirt, please

B: Ok.What size?

A: Small. And do you have this jacket in medium?

B: Yes, I think so

2.明确口语活动的任务,要求学生仔细阅读图片。必要时可做简单的对话示范。

3.学生成对活动,轮流作SpeakerASpeakerB

4.教师巡视全班,聆听学生对话,并解答学生提出的问题。

5.挑出几个学生在班上表演。

6.此外还可以通过做游戏来训练学习的口语表达能力,例如;让学生以小组为单位或全班一起做一次连锁游戏,在这个游戏中每一个学生必须在I’m??looking for?这个句子后添加内容,例如:教师说:“I’m looking for a green shirt”这个穿绿体恤的学生就来说“I’m looking for…”以此类推。或者是教师在黑板上图表中的NAME下画一个问号,描述班级内一个同学的服装。把它写在CLOTHING下面,让全班的同学猜一猜他是谁。

7.总结学生的表现,必要时纠正学生中带普遍性的错误

语法:按照本单元中GRAMMER的内容讲解形容词和副词的三种形式的用法。此外还可以参照以下内容进行更细致的讲解。

1. verysoquitetooas?后只能用原级。

2.?没有比较用原级。

3. as原级as“和…一样…”

The tree is as????????as that building

John runs as????????as Tom

4. not so/ as?原级?as“和…不一样…,…不如…”

He doesn’t have as many books as I have.

5.?比较级是两者进行比较,句中常出现?than()…, …or…(2者选择)

6.?比较级前常用的修饰语:

a little/a bit(一点)much/a lot(非常), even /far/any等词语表示程度。

例如:??She is a little taller than I (me)

?Who is much more carefulAnn or Elisa?

7.?最高级前常用的修饰语:the

8. the+最高级+ of/in (三者及以上范围的)…

My mother is the busiest in my family.

9. the +?序数词?+?最高级?+?名词?+ in/of

The Yellow River is the second longest river in China.

10. one of the +?最高级?+?名词复数?+ in/of

Shenzhen is one of the biggest cities in China.

11. This is the+最高级+名词?(that)I meet/know/

This is the most beautiful city that I have ever visited

注意:

(1) the+比较级+ of the two

“两个中比较…的这一个”

Lucy is the????????()of the twin sisters.

My hat is the????????(漂亮)of the two.

(2)?比较级and比较级相同表示“越来越…”

It is getting????????and????????.

Our country is becoming?????????and????????.

(3) The?比较级…,the?比较级…?“越?…越…”

The????????the????????.

The????????he is, the????????he feels.

(4)???…数量?+?比较级?than?

My father is three years older than my mother

使用形容词和副词比较级和最高级应注意事项

1.形容词的最高级前必须有the,而副词的最高级前the可以省略。

2.在进行比较时,必须是同类事物相比较。

?His ruler is longer than I.(×)

?His ruler is longer than mine()

3.以不发音的e结尾时加-r/-st. eg.: finefinerfinest

4.重读闭音节结尾的词,如末尾是一个辅音字母,双写这个辅音字母,再加-er/-est.eg.:

bigbiggerbiggest

5.不规则adj的比较级与最高级如下:

原级

比较级

最高级

good/well

better

best

bad/badly

worse

worst

many/much

more

most

old

older/elder

oldest/eldest

far

farther/further

farthest/further

little

less

least

注:older?一般比年龄,新旧;

elder指长幼关系(一般修饰名词); elder brother/sister

farther指距离更远;

further指抽像的.??I want to study English further.

练习:

用形容词的正确形式填空

1. Which do you like???best???(well)applespears or bananas?

2. I think this story is???more interesting??(interesting) than that one.

3. In the morning he is?early?(early). His father is??earlier?(early) than he. His mother is the

?earliest??(early) of the three.

4. The Yellow River is the second??longest??(long) river in China.

5. He thinks his corn is???the most delicious??(delicious) of all the food.

6. I feel math is??more difficult??(difficult) than Chinese.

句型转换

1. Tom is tall.Jim is short.(比较级合并)

Tom is???taller than???Jim.

2. My hair is long. Mary’s hair is longer.(合并成一句)

Mary’s hair???is??longer???than??mine?.

3. Pedro is thinner than Sam.(改为同义句)

Sam is??fatter/heavier????than???Pedro.

4. My sister is better at study than me.She is clever.(改为同义句)

My sister is??more??intellectual (聪明的) than me at study

5. Peter is funny.Paul is funny, too.(合并成一句)

Peter is??as??funny??as??Paul.

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